About wind energy
About Wind energy in the world
The wind industry has been imposing itself as a strong branch of the whole energy production sector as an alternative and competitive source of energy to fossil fuels which have seen their prices ever growing. The wind industry has been growing at a very fast pace starting from the end of the 20th century. Wind is at present continuing to grow worldwide, with additional activity in Latin America, Africa and Asia outside China and India. The major markets remain Europe, China and the US and keep on determining the world growth.
At the end of 2013 the whole installed capacity was of 3390 MW.
(data from Global Wind Energy Council)
The wind sector in Europe and Poland
The EU has been playing a leading role in the wind industry development. Since 2000 until 2013 the average growth of the wind energy capacity has been of 10%. The total capacity at the end of 2013 has been raised up to 117,289 MW. This amount currently represents 7,1% of EU’s electricity supply. In the only year of 2013, additional capacity of 11,159 MW have been installed.
Under the Renewable Energy Directive (Directive 2009/28/EC), Poland is obliged to meet its target of producing 15% of its final energy consumption from renewable energy sources by the end of 2020 (19.3% for electrical energy). Since targets are not being met yet, the growth potential of the wind industry is leaving a considerable room.
Geographically looked at the Polish wind development, one can see that the northern and western regions of Poland are witnessing the most advantageous conditions for wind farms. Thus, most wind power plants are located in the following voivodeships from which the following three are dominating the development: Zachodniopomorskie voivodeship has seen the strongest development so far, with the neighbouring Pomorskie voivodeship following its rival and the Wielkopolskie voivodeship noticing advanced operations.
In accordance to the latest published data wind installed capacity in Poland amounts to 3727 MW (as of 06.2014). In accordance with the Energy Regulatory Office data as of 06.2014 there were 890 wind turbines installed.
Source: The Energy Regulatory Office